HST 354U, Early Medieval Europe, 300-1100
Portland State University
(c) John S. Ott
General guidelines - Please
READING RESPONSES (3)
100 points each (300 total)
Response #1 due on or before 10/26. Response #2 due between 10/31 and 11/30
(inclusive). Response #3 due between 10/3 and 11/30 (inclusive).
You may only submit one response in any
The reading responses (you are required to do three
of them over the course
of the term) are designed to present you with a writing format that will
stimulate you to think about and reflect on the primary sources
as you read them.
Our primary sources are the documents written in the Middle Ages, by medieval
reporters and witnesses. Note that you are welcome to consult and even incorporate
the (optional) textbook by Chris Wickham (The Inheritance of Rome
) and to refer
to other secondary readings that we will read this term, but the bulk of
your analysis should focus on the primary sources. Responses should be about
3 pp., typed, double-spaced, with 1-inch margins. Please make sure that
your name, the date, and page numbers appear on each response. Title is
optional, but encouraged. Indicate which reading(s) you are responding to
somewhere at the head of the paper.
Each response must address a minimum
Make sure to include references
to the texts you are reading and citing (page numbers, put in parentheses
and embedded in the text, are all you need).
Responses will be assigned their grade based on the following factors: (1)
the evident effort put into them, as determined by the extent to which they
engage the ideas in the texts in a manner that is cogent, lucidly argued,
and intellectually productive; (2) the accuracy and care with which they
represent the authors' ideas or source themes, to which you are responding;
(3) their use of evidence from the texts; (4) their quality of writing, including
grammar, syntax, and spelling, all of which goes to the essay's analytical
Due dates and further considerations - Please Read Carefully!
Response #1 must be submitted on or before October 26
Response #2 must be submitted between October 31 and November 30 (inclusive)
Response #3 may be submitted any time between October 3 and November 30.
Your responses must be turned in on the day of the assigned readings
which are under discussion. So, if you wish to respond to the readings
for October 5 on "A barbarian Empire," the response itself must be turned
in on October 5, not afterward..
Responses may not
incorporate outside source materials.
For the responses, read closely your chosen texts and consider the significance
of their historical subject matter, themes, ideas, characters, arguments,
imagery, or other relevant aspects of the work. For starters, you may wish
to examine the details and nature of the source itself: What is the source
about? Who wrote it, why, and for what audience (popular, learned, lay,
clerical, expert)? What were the author's basic assumptions (historical,
religious, philosophical, political), interests, beliefs, convictions, ideas?
What was the author's agenda or purpose in writing? How do you know? What
is the work's structure or organization? Is the source a work of history,
biography, hagiography, a sermon, a dialogue, a treatise, a letter? Is the
author trying to convince/persuade, convert, educate, polemicize, preach,
curry favor, titillate? How do its genre and format affect its purpose and
You are encouraged to reflect on the details in the readings that most interest
you. There are no "right answers" here, exactly, but the venturing of "opinion"
and idle speculation without demonstration from the text is discouraged.
Rather, I am looking for you to analyze an issue or question that intrigues
you, in a thoughtful and lucid essay, using documentary support from the texts.
You do not need to be comprehensive in your coverage of the text(s), but
do not simply summarize the work's contents. Think carefully about an aspect
or aspects of the author's ideas or argument, and engage those ideas with
a supported criticism of your own. Avoid simply interjecting your "opinion,"
but instead try to build an argument using the text as evidence.
: it may help to
think of the reading responses as mini-essays or thought pieces: develop
a thesis or point of argument, ponder or debate the ideas in the works, adding
evidence as necessary, and write a brief conclusion about your findings.
Each response is weighted 100 points, or 10% of the final grade. If you
fail to submit one, the highest course grade you can earn is a 90. If you
fail to submit two, the highest course grade you can earn is an 80.